How Do Steam Separators Work for the Power Generation Industry?

Steam separators are specialized devices designed to remove excess water from steam powered machines used in power generation applications. The lack of a steam separator can cause excess water and moisture to grow in great quantity inside the piston cylinder. The water becomes a non-compressible mass, which causes a great amount of condensation in the cylinder, which leads to engine failure.

There are various problems that occur in an industrial application.


    • The power generation capabilities reduce to a great extent.


    • Many metal parts can suffer from corrosion


    • Steam that is used in the power generation process usually has many impurities, which can damage the system.


    • Specialized power generation plants may have problems with inconsistent readings on gauges and meters.



Features of a Steam Separator

With advent of the industrial era, the need for machines that could purify steam for the power generation process grew. Earlier, certain components were used to act as steam moisture separators for a particular application. E.g. classic steam engines used a steel dome, which was placed on top the boiler. Steam travelling from the boiler to the pistons was forced up to the steel dome, where the excess water vapor would be released. The remaining steam would travel back down from the boiler to the pistons to power the engine.

A modern turbine engine requires a different type of geothermal steam separator, though the result is essentially the same. Here, the steam separators usually consist of internal baffles and a steam trap. The objective of it is to ensure that the excess steam water droplets do not travel to the turbines. Condensation within the turbine and on the turbine blades can eventually lead to metal corrosion, which can drastically decrease the turbines lifespan.


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